Generalised pairs are, as the name suggests, generalisations of pairs in algebraic geometry. A pair is roughly an algebraic variety together with a boundary divisor. A generalised pair is roughly a pair together with the choice of a "positive" divisor (i.e. nef divisor) on some birational model of the pair. The theory of generalised pairs is very interesting on its own but it has also been instrumental in many advances in birational geometry in recent years including effectivity of Iitaka fibrations, boundedness of Fano varieties, boundedness of complements, boundedness of log CalabiYau varieties, moduli of stable CalabiYau and stable minimal models, termination of flips and existence of minimal models, connectedness of nonklt loci, etc. The aim of this workshop is to review the theory and some of its applications.
Time: August 2627, 2021
Invited Speakers:
Organizers:
ShingTung Yau  Tsinghua University 
Caucher Birkar  Tsinghua University 
Yifei Chen  AMSS 
Baohua Fu  MCM, AMSS 
Sponsors:
Yau Mathematical Sciences Center, Tsinghua University
Morningside Center of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences
ZOOM:
Zoom ID: 466 356 2952 Password: mcm1234
Schedule:
Date  Chair  Time  Speaker  Title 
Aug 26  Baohua Fu  8:309:30  Caucher Birkar  An overview of generalised pairs 
10:0011:00  Christopher Hacon  On the minimal model program for generalized log pairs 
11:3012:30  Jihao Liu  Existence of flips for generalized pairs 

Aug 26  Caucher Birkar  14:0015:00  V. V. Shokurov  TBA 
15:3016:30  Stefano Filipazzi  TBA 
17:0018:00  Vladimir Lazic  Weak Zariski decompositions and minimal models 

Aug 27  TBA  8:309:30  Joaquin Moraga  Toroidalization principles for generalized klt singularities. 
10:0011:00  Zhengyu Hu  An abundance theorem for generalised pairs 
11:3012:30  Kenta Hashizume  Nonvanishing theorem for generalized log canonical pairs with a polarization 

Aug 27  TBA  14:0015:00  Jingjun Han  Fujita's conjecture for pseudoeffective thresholds and Shokurov’s conjecture on iterated accumulation points of pseudoeffective thresholds 
15:3016:30  Roberto Svaldi  A characterization of toricness. 
17:0018:00  Thomas Peternell  A generalized nonvanishing and abundance conjecture and nef line bundles on Ktrivial varieties 
Title & Abstract:
Speaker: Caucher Birkar (Tsinghua University)
Title: An overview of generalised pairs.
Abstract: In this talk I will give a general overview of the theory of generalised pairs and its applications.
Speaker: Christopher Hacon (University of Utah)
Title: On the minimal model program for generalized log pairs
Abstracts: In this talk I will discuss recent progress in the minimal model program for log canonical generalized pairs.
Speaker: Jihao Liu (University of Utah)
Title: Existence of flips for generalized pairs
Abstracts: Following Prof. Hacon' s talk, I will discuss the existence of flips for log canonical generalized pairs in detail. I will talk about some key ideas and philosophy in the proofs of the existence of flips, cone theorem, and contraction theorems for log canonical generalized pairs. I will also discuss some related questions and potential applications. This is joint work with Christopher D. Hacon.
Speaker: Vladimir Lazic (Saarland University)
Title: Weak Zariski decompositions and minimal models
Abstracts: I will present recent results which show that, modulo reasonable assumptions in lower dimensions, the existence of a weak Zariski decomposition of a Qfactorial log canonical generalised pair is equivalent to the existence of a minimal model of the generalised pair. This leads to new unconditional results on the existence of minimal models and Mori fibre spaces of generalised pairs in dimensions at most 5. I will argue that even if one is only interested in the birational geometry of varieties, one cannot avoid the use of generalised pairs. This is joint work with Nikolaos Tsakanikas.
Speaker: Joaquin Moraga (Princeton University)
Title: Toroidalization principles for generalized klt singularities.
Abstract: In this talk, I will discuss some recent progress on toroidalization principles for generalized klt singularities. These toroidalizations allow us to prove theorems about the topology of klt singularities and about their minimal log discrepancies. If time permits, I will also explain the relationship between these toroidalization principles and the termination of flips.
Speaker: Zhengyu Hu (Chongqing University of Technology)
Title: An abundance theorem for generalised pairs
Abstract: In this talk I will discuss the finiteness of Brepresentations for generalised pairs with "general" data. As an application, I will discuss an abundance theorem for generalised dlt pairs, under an extra technical assumption. I will also discuss related problems regarding the abundance theorem.
Speaker: Kenta Hashizume (University of Tokyo)
Title: Nonvanishing theorem for generalized log canonical pairs with a polarization
Abstracts: In this talk, I will deal with generalized pairs with a polarization. I will explain that the nonvanishing theorem holds for generalized pairs with a polarization under assumptions on the nef part and the log canonical part of the generalized pairs. I will also discuss some related topics for generalized pairs with a polarization.
Speaker: Jinjun Han (Johns Hopkins University/Fudan University)
Title: Fujita's conjecture for pseudoeffective thresholds and Shokurov’s conjecture on iterated accumulation points of pseudoeffective thresholds
Abstracts: Fujita' s conjecture for pseudoeffective thresholds predicts that the set of pseudoeffective thresholds is an ACC set. It is an analogy to ACC for log canonical thresholds. Shokurov’s conjecture on iterated accumulation points of pseudoeffective thresholds can be viewed as an analogy to the accumulation points theorem of log canonical thresholds. I will report some progresses towards these two conjectures by using tools from generalized pairs which are developed by BirkarZhang. This is based on joint work with Zhan Li.
Speaker: Roberto Svaldi (école Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)
Title: A characterization of toricness.
Abstracts: For a log canonical pair (X, D), with (K_X+D) nef, Shokurov conjectured that a certain numerical quantity, called the complexity, measures how far the pair is from being a toric pair. Shokurov's conjecture actually anticipates a similar behavior in the relative setting, too. In this talk, I will explain how a solution to the above conjecture has emerged in the last few years and how it is related to recent developments in birational geometry. This talk is features joint works with Brown, McKernan, Zong and with Moraga.
Speaker: Thomas Peternell (University of Bayreuth)
Title: A generalized nonvanishing and abundance conjecture and nef line bundles on Ktrivial varieties
Abstracts: I will report on joint work, partially in progress, with V. Lazic and K.Oguiso/V.Lazic concerning a nonvanishing/abundance type conjecture which involves a nef line bundle. Special emphasis will be laid on varieties whose canonical bundle is numerically trivial.